Atsuta Shrine (Atsuta Jingu) is located in the Atsuta Ward, in Nagoya City. They are part of the Aichi Prefecture in the Chubu Region. Atsuta Shrine is one of the largest and holiest Shinto Shrines in Japan and as important as the Ise Jingu Shrine and Izumo Taisha Grand Shrine.
This Shrine can be easily reached by getting to JR Atsuta Station, which is located on the Tokaido Main Line. Atsuta Ward can also be reached from Central Nagoya City (or JR Nagoya Station) by Bus and by Subway (Jingu Nishi Station).
In addition to the main worshiped Deity Atsuta-no-Okami, there are other Deities enshrined in this very important Shrine for Shinto followers. They are Amaterasu-Omikami and Susanoo-no-Mikoto. The Shinto God Susanoo-no-Mikoto is considered as the half brother of Amaterasu-Omikami.
Atsuta Shrine Seal
Susanoo-no-Mikoto was symbolized to represent the destructive forces of the nature. Because of this "impetuous" nature of Susanoo and after certain destructive acts, he was expelled from the land of the Kami by other divinities. He then descended to earth to a place called Izumo (in the Shimane Prefecture of Chugoku Region, where Izumo Taisha Grand Shrine is located). While on earth Susanoo slew a eight headed dragon to save a young woman's life. He then pulled a famous sword called "kusanagi no Tsurugi" from this slain dragon, which became one of the three sacred treasures of the ancient Japanese Empire.
This Kusanagi sword was housed at Atsuta Jingu for many years until the World War II. Many of the older buildings of Atsuta Jingu were destroyed during the Allied Bombing runs of the Nagoya City. The Kusanagi sword was destroyed or lost during this war and was ever recovered.
Because once this Shrine housed the famous sword of Susanoo no Mikoto, the current treasure house houses many important swords and daggers that once belonged to the ruling clans of Japan. Many of the destroyed buildings were reconstructed and the main worship hall was completed in 1958.
There is an annual festival that takes place at the Shrine grounds on the 5th of June called "Rei Sai". In the Shrine grounds there is a Giant Camphor Tree, believed to be 1300 years old and is said to be planted by Monk Kobo Daishi Kukai, the founder of Shingon Sect of Japanese Buddhism.
Camphor Tree Planted by Kobo Daishi
In the Shrine grounds there is also "Atsuta Jingu Gakuin", a school used to train Shinto Priests.
Here is a video of this one of the most important Shrines of Japan: